Flat feet, also called pes planus or fallen arches, are a condition that is common among people.  The condition is characterized by the absence or flattening of the arches of the feet. Flat feet, like the others, may not always bring with them to the sufferer the symptoms or no treatment needed but sometimes one can feel discomfort, pain, or mobility issues related to this year’s case. In Singapore, both medical attention and treatment options are accessible to control the symptoms and humane life cycle for the affected members. In this all-inclusive information, we will be investigating the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment available for flat feet in Singapore. 

    Understanding Flat Feet

    Flat feet are a condition which is developed by the arch of the feet, and at last whole sole comes to the ground when we stand or walk. Hence, this may be multi-dimensional, being the by-product of the sheer genetics, foot structure, injury, or rather caused by the underlying diseases. In Singapore, those who have flat feet may look for specialized treatment like OrthofootMD flat foot treatment Singapore. On the one hand, some people are already born with fallen arches, while on the other hand, some slow-juvenile effects such as ageing, obesity, or repetitive stress can cause the condition to occur over time. 

    Causes of Flat Feet

    Genetics: Flat foot is inclined to be either hereditary or to run on the family line so that some of the parents and family members may have the same condition. Genetic factors can affect the foot structure, the arch development, and the overall foot mechanics, which means that flat feet can be inherited at birth. 

    Foot Structure: Those individuals with the specific type of feet having low arches or flexible joints are more likely predisposed to a health problem known as flat feet. In the case of individuals with flexible or flat feet, their feet have normal arches when they sit or stand on tiptoe.  However, they experience an extension of their arches when opposed to the feet to the weight. 

    Injury or Trauma: Traumatic injuries to the feet, for instance, fractures, ligament sprains, or tendon injuries, can change the foot mechanics and, thus, result in the formation of flat feet. For example, injuries that surround the supporting structures and the surrounding part of the foot may lead to reduced arch stability which in turn may also result in flat feet. 

    Medical Conditions: In some instances, for instance, joint ones, such as arthritis, diabetes, or neuromuscular disorders, may be one of the risk factors for flat feet. Such conditions can lead to foot structure change, muscle strength impairment, and joint flexibility reduction, which in turn can increase the likelihood of developing flat feet or worsen existing symptoms. 

    Symptoms of Flat Feet

    In one case, one may not have any symptoms, for example, a flat foot, which involves no symptoms whatsoever. However, others may experience the following symptoms associated with flat feet: However, others may experience the following symptoms associated with flat feet:

    Pain or Discomfort: Aching or sore feet, or ankle or leg pains that are aggravated by activities like standing, walking or jogging. 

    Fatigue: Fatigue or aches in the feet, often after a long period of standing or physical activity. 

    Swelling: The symptoms like swelling or inflammation of the feet and ankles, can be experienced especially after a long period of standing up or playing any sports. 

    Foot Deformities: Shifts in the bone structure on the sole, like toes turned outward or inner ankles may be seen. 

    Difficulty Walking: The inability to walk or do activities that require balance, stability, or coordination, especially on uneven or difficult terrain, is one of the common challenges people with Parkinson’s disease face. 

    Diagnosis of Flat Feet

    A doctor forms a conclusion that the patient is suffering from flat feet mostly by reconstructing the patient’s medical history and conducting a medical examination together with contemporary medical imaging studies. For the physical examination, the healthcare worker will keenly observe the structure and alignment of the feet look at how they are standing and also touch on where there may be inflammation or anything unusual. Such as X-rays, and imaging studies could be ordered to evaluate the bones, joints, and soft tissues of the feet and ankles and determine the degree of arch flattening. 

    Flat Feet Treatment Cuisines

    Treatment for Flatfoot in Singapore might have to be tailored to each person individually, based on the seriousness of their symptoms, the underlying cause and their personal preferences. The treatment aims to relieve the symptoms, make the foot more functional, and increase the quality of life. Common treatment options for flat feet include: Common treatment options for flat feet include:

    Footwear Modification: In addition to that, using comfortable shoes with proper support for the arch and ankle that help to reduce the symptoms and offer stability is crucial for people having flat feet. Sticking to sneakers or sandals with arch support rather than heels or flip-flops can help significantly in reducing the strain on the lower part of the body. 

    Orthotic Devices: Personalized orthotic devices, for instance, arch supports or shoe inserts, can be of help to people with flat feet by giving them extra support and alignment. Having orthotics can spread the weight even across the foot, lessen the amount of foot pronation and improve foot biomechanics while you are standing on your feet. 

    Physical Therapy: With time, one may be able to do easy exercises and stretching to build the muscles of the feet, ankles, and lower legs.  This, in turn, will help improve body posture, balance, flexibility and stability. Physical therapists can design individualized exercise programs that fit the particular needs and goals of the person in question. 

    Medications: NSAIDs, especially budget non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, can be used to deal with inflammation and pain that is related to flat feet. Nonetheless, medications should be rightly employed, and with the professional coverage of a healthcare professional to prevent any possible drug side effects or health issues. 

    Lifestyle Modifications: Introducing lifestyle changes, such as keeping a healthy weight, not engaging in high-impact activities and doing the right foot care and hygiene, can help reduce the symptoms and improve the overall foot health of individuals with flat feet. 

    Surgical Intervention: When conservative non-surgical approaches, such as shoe modification and orthotics, have been unsuccessful in managing severe cases of flat feet; surgical treatment may be prescribed as the last resort. For flat foot patients surgical methods may include aligning, restoring and sometimes rebuilding the bones, tendons or ligaments of the feet to restore arch height and enable controlling foot function. 

    Prevention of the Flat Feet. 

    While flat feet cannot always be prevented, certain measures can help reduce the risk of developing symptoms or complications associated with this condition: While flat feet cannot always be prevented, certain measures can help reduce the risk of developing symptoms or complications associated with this condition:

    Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being slender can help keep the tension in back, leg and foot structures to a minimum so that a person’s flat feet do not get worse or a person starts experiencing any exciting symptoms again. 

    Wear Supportive Footwear: Choose supportive shoes with good arch support, cushioning and shock absorption to help the feet maintain stability and protect them from the impact that is created on the foot by walking and running. Do not wear shoes that are not fitted to your feet and will hinder your movement. 

    Exercise Regularly: As for activity, try your best to regularly exercise and be active to strengthen foot muscles, ankles, and lower limbs’ flexibility, balance, and coordination. Include stretching and muscle strengthening exercises in your daily exercise regime as they will facilitate optimum foot function. 

    Practice Good Foot Care: Maintain good foot hygiene by cleaning, drying and moistening your feet regularly to avoid skin problems and infections. When feet are kept clean and dry include trimming the nails regularly, wearing clean socks and doing regular examinations of the feet for any injuries or abnormalities. 

    Listen to Your Body: Make sure to observe any changes or symptoms you experience in your feet, ankles or lower limbs and seek medical care immediately if you present persistent pain, swelling or other discomfort. The early intervention will enable the prevention of more complications and will improve the treatment outcomes. 

    A search of the Singaporean treatment for Flat foot

    If you have flat-foot symptoms or any other concerns about your foot health, you should see the doctor/expert for a proper screen and other alternatives. In Singapore, it is possible to get flat foot treatment through Orthopaedic Surgery in Singapore specialists, podiatrists, physiotherapists, and other healthcare providers who are experts in the field of foot and ankle care. Contact us to arrange for a consultation where we shall be able to diagnose your condition, explore therapeutic methods, and identify the treatment plan that best suits your needs and preferences. 


    Flat foot is one of the frequently found abnormalities having the potential of social, economic and psychological issues in the affected party. In Singapore, flat foot treatment options are offered to people suffering from this condition so that they can manage their symptoms and live a better life. Following the knowledge of the causes, the symptoms, the diagnosis and the treatment options organised by a health professional, people in society can make wise decisions on their foot problems and find accurate health care services. Treatment of flat feet in Singapore may include among other approaches, non-surgical methods like special foot braces, physical therapy, orthotics or surgery.  The main goal of the treatment regimen is to decrease the symptoms and improve the foot functionality ultimately and have a positive influence on the overall health of the patients.